In the following exercises, evaluate the … Let u = x2+5 x so that du = (2 x+5) dx . The MATH1011 Quiz 11 should also be appropriate to try. Integration by Substitution. To access a wealth of additional AH Maths free resources by topic please use the above Search Bar or click on any of the Topic Links at the bottom of this page as well as the Home Page HERE. Once the substitution is made the function can be simplified using basic trigonometric identities. \[\int\] sin (z³).3z².dz———————–(i), Also, multiple substitutions might be possible for the same function. Then du = du dx dx = g′(x)dx. Example - 11 . So if this question didn't explicitly say to integrate by substitution, how would you know you should use it? Here is a set of practice problems to accompany the Integration by Parts section of the Applications of Integrals chapter of the notes for Paul Dawkins Calculus II course at Lamar University. 10 questions on geometric series, sequences, and l'Hôpital's rule with answers. Integration by Trigonometric Substitution Let's start by looking at an example with fractional exponents, just a nice, simple one. 3�"[[0�T�!8�|��d�>�:ijZG����4��K3��.�!�*V��u8J���JP=� 5���G����I��J�%ڢ�uە���W>�PH�R(�]���\�'�� �j�r�G� 4��@�z��妯u��@�S��:�\;CBO���I5*4 ���x��ʔ{&[ʭjE�ְ��ԡ,?�r.��q�tS
59�"����,���=���. Donate or volunteer today! 1) View Solution Stack Exchange Network . 1. 1. For video presentations on integration by substitution (17.0), see Math Video Tutorials by James Sousa, Integration by Substitution, Part 1 of 2 (9:42) and Math Video Tutorials by James Sousa, Integration by Substitution, Part 2 of 2 (8:17). Get help with your Integration by substitution homework. The best way to think of u-substitution is that its job is to undo the chain rule. Integration by Substitution. Do not forget to express the final answer in terms of the original variable \(x!\) Solved Problems. Example 3: Solve: $$ \int {x\sin ({x^2})dx} $$ To perform the integration we used the substitution u = 1 + x2. The integration of a function f(x) is given by F(x) and it is represented by: ∫f(x)dx = F(x) + C. Here R.H.S. Sample Questions with Answers The curriculum changes over the years, so the following old sample quizzes and exams may differ in content and sequence. Once the substitution was made the resulting integral became Z √ udu. Both methods will produce equivalent answers. Played 204 times. Let u = 3-x so that du = ( -1) dx , Solutions to U -Substitution … Integration Worksheet - Substitution Method Solutions 11. Sample Quizzes with Answers Search by content rather than week number. For example, suppose we are integrating a difficult integral which is with respect to x. Exam Questions – Integration by substitution. In this case, we can set \(u\) equal to the function and rewrite the integral in terms of the new variable \(u.\) This makes the integral easier to solve. Evaluate \(\begin{align}\int {\frac{{{{\cos }^3}x}}{{{{\sin }^2}x + \sin x}}} \,dx\end{align}\) Solution: The general approach while substitution is as follows: \int {\large {\frac { {dx}} { {\sqrt {1 + 4x} }}}\normalsize}. Review Questions. Therefore, integration by substitution is more of an art and you can develop the knack of it only by extensive practice (and of course, some thinking !) Carry out the following integrations by substitutiononly. All of the properties and rules of integration apply independently, and trigonometric functions may need to be rewritten using a trigonometric identity before we can apply substitution. Integration by Substitution for indefinite integrals and definite integral with examples and solutions. By changing variables, integration can be simplified by using the substitutions x=a\sin(\theta), x=a\tan(\theta), or x=a\sec(\theta). It’s not too complicated when you think of it that way. FREE Revision guides, questions banks and resources. This method of integration by substitution is used extensively to evaluate integrals. The method of substitution in integration is similar to finding the derivative of function of function in differentiation. I am doing an integration by substitution question. Integration by Substitution Examples With Solutions - Practice Questions Integration by substitution is one of the methods to solve integrals. This quiz is incomplete! The integration by substitution technique is dervied from the following statement: $$\int _{a}^{b}f(\varphi (x))\varphi '(x)\,dx=\int _{\varphi (a)}^{\varphi (b)}f(u)\,du$$ Now almost all the . Also, find integrals of some particular functions here. The General Form of integration by substitution is: ∫ f(g(x)).g'(x).dx = f(t).dt, where t = g(x) Usually the method of integration by substitution is extremely useful when we make a substitution for a function whose derivative is also present in the integrand. Next lesson. Subsection Exercises Integration by Substitution Quiz Web resources available Questions This quiz tests the work covered in lecture on integration by substitution and corresponds to Section 7.1 of the textbook Calculus: Single and Multivariable (Hughes-Hallett, Gleason, McCallum et al. Play. Integration by u-substitution. 78 different questions on integration by substitution - including: definite integrals; indefinite integrals; integrals that require rearrangements; logs and trigonometry. Provided that this ﬁnal integral can be found the problem is solved. Definite Integral Using U-Substitution •When evaluating a definite integral using u-substitution, one has to deal with the limits of integration . Equation 9: Trig Substitution with 2/3sec pt.1 . For example, Let us consider an equation having an independent variable in z, i.e. It allows us to find the anti-derivative of fairly complex functions that simpler tricks wouldn’t help us with. u = 1 + 4 x. There are more web quizzes at Wiley, select Section 1. SOLUTION 2 : Integrate . (d)If x= ˇ, then u= sin(ˇ) = 0 (e)Now substitute Z ˇ 0 cos(x) p sin(x) dx = Z ˇ 0 p sin(x)cos(x) dx = Z 0 0 p udu = Z 0 0 u1=2 du = 2 3 u3=2 0 0 = 2 3 (0)3=2 3 2 3 (0) =2 = 0 Note, Z a a f(x) dx= 0. Welcome to advancedhighermaths.co.uk A sound understanding of Integration by Substitution is essential to ensure exam success. What does mean by substitution method: Solving system of equation by substitution method, involves solving any one of the given equation for either 'x' or 'y' and plugging that in the other equation and solve that equation for another variable. In this page substitution method questions 1 we are going to see solution of first question in the worksheet of substitution method. ∫sin (x 3).3x 2.dx———————–(i), Then du= dx, v= tanx, so: Z xsec2 xdx= xtanx Z tanxdx You can rewrite the last integral as R sinx cosx dxand use the substitution w= cosx. •For question 4 Put x4=u and then solve. Review Integration by Substitution The method of integration by substitution may be used to easily compute complex integrals. Theorem 4.1.1: Integration by Substitution. question 1 of 3. Only questions 4, 5, 8, 9 and 10 involve integration by substitution. Integration by parts. Practice: Trigonometric substitution. a year ago. Let F and g be differentiable functions, where the range of g is an interval I contained in the domain of F. Then. SOLUTIONS TO U-SUBSTITUTION SOLUTION 1 : Integrate . Review Questions. We know (from above) that it is in the right form to do the substitution: Now integrate: ∫ cos (u) du = sin (u) + C. And finally put u=x2 back again: sin (x 2) + C. So ∫cos (x2) 2x dx = sin (x2) + C. That worked out really nicely! Live Game Live. Notice that: Equation 9: Trig Substitution with 2/3sec pt.2 . Example: ∫ cos (x 2) 2x dx. Long trig sub problem. Here is a set of practice problems to accompany the Substitution Rule for Indefinite Integrals section of the Integrals chapter of the notes for Paul Dawkins Calculus I course at Lamar University. I checked my answer with wolfram alpha and i didn't get the same as it. We illustrate with an example: 35.1.1 Example Find Z cos(x+ 1)dx: Solution We know a rule that comes close to working here, namely, R cosxdx= sinx+C, but we have x+ 1 … Question 5: Integrate. The substitution method (also called \(u-\)substitution) is used when an integral contains some function and its derivative. Section 5.5 Integration by Substitution Motivating Questions. It allows us to find the anti-derivative of fairly complex functions that simpler tricks wouldn’t help us with. best answer will be awarded. Z ˇ 0 cos(x) p sin(x) dx (a)Let u= sin(x) (b)Then du= cos(x) dx (c)If x= 0, then u= sin(0) = 0. If someone could show us where i went wrong that would be great. Get help with your Integration by substitution homework. This method is also called u-substitution. In the general case it will become Z f(u)du. This method is also called u-substitution. Long trig sub problem. In calculus, integration by substitution, also known as u-substitution or change of variables, is a method for evaluating integrals and antiderivatives. x�bbd``b`:$�C�`��������$T� m �d$��2012��``�
��@� � Integration by substitution, it is possible to transform a difficult integral to an easier integral by using a substitution. I checked my answer with wolfram alpha and i didn't get the same as it. using substution of y = 2 - x, or otherwise, find integration of (x / 2-x)^2 dx. The steps for integration by substitution in this section are the same as the steps for previous one, but make sure to chose the substitution function wisely. %PDF-1.5
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By using a suitable substitution, the variable of integration is changed to new variable of integration which will be integrated in an easy manner. Consider, I = ∫ f(x) dx Now, substitute x = g(t) so that, dx/dt = g’(t) or dx = g’(t)dt. Tag Archives: integration by substitution example questions. Integration by Substitution DRAFT. Integration is a method explained under calculus, apart from differentiation, where we find the integrals of functions. Share practice link. Integration by Substitution. Before I start that, we're going to have quite a lot of this sort of thing going on, where we get some kind of fraction on the bottom of a fraction, and it gets confusing. ). Print; Share; Edit; Delete; Host a game. In some, you may need to use u-substitution along with integration by parts.) ∫F ′ (g(x))g ′ (x) dx = ∫F ′ (u) du = F(u) + C = F(g(x)) + C. Integrating using substitution -substitution: indefinite integrals AP.CALC: FUN‑6 (EU) , FUN‑6.D (LO) , FUN‑6.D.1 (EK) To play this quiz, please finish editing it. The substitution helps in computing the integral as follows sin(a x + b) dx = (1/a) sin(u) du = (1/a) (-cos(u)) + C = - (1/a) cos(a x + b) + C Integration by Substitution Method. Solution to Example 1: Let u = a x + b which gives du/dx = a or dx = (1/a) du. Integrate the following: Next Worksheet. In the general case it will be appropriate to try substituting u = g(x). :(
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That’s all we’re really doing. Delete Quiz. This was done using a substitution. Integration Worksheet - Substitution Method Solutions (c)Now substitute Z cos(2x+1) dx = Z cos(u) 1 2 du = Z 1 2 cos(u) du = 1 2 sin(u)+C = 1 2 sin(2x+1)+ C 6. We can try to use the substitution. Let u= x;dv= sec2 x. Enrol Now » Using integration to find an area Integration by parts. dx = \frac { {du}} {4}. Fall 02-03 midterm with answers. (Remark: Integration by parts is not necessarily a requirement to solve the integrals. First we need to play around the inside of the square root. This video explores Integration by Substitution, a key concept in IB Maths SL Topic 6: Calculus. Print Substitution Techniques for Difficult Integrals Worksheet 1. This video is accompanied by an exam style question to further practice your knowledge. Evaluate the following integrals. By changing variables, integration can be simplified by using the substitutions x=a\sin(\theta), x=a\tan(\theta), or x=a\sec(\theta). Categories. •Same is the case with question 2 and 3. Integration by Substitution. u = 1 + 4x. FREE Cuemath material for JEE,CBSE, ICSE for excellent results! Find the integral. Our mission is to provide a free, world-class education to anyone, anywhere. In the integration by substitution method, any given integral can be changed into a simple form of integral by substituting the independent variable by others. Integration By Substitution - Introduction In differential calculus, we have learned about the derivative of a function, which is essentially the slope of the tangent of the function at any given point. Like most concepts in math, there is also an opposite, or an inverse. ∫x x dx x x C− = − + − +. 64% average accuracy. ... function=u e.g. According to the substitution method, a given integral ∫ f(x) dx can be transformed into another form by changing the independent variable x to t. This is done by substituting x = g (t). $\endgroup$ – John Adamski Mar 11 '15 at 19:49 of the equation means integral of f(x) with respect to x.
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57 series problems with answers. The Substitution Method. The Inverse of the Chain Rule . Take for example an equation having an independent variable in x, i.e. Integration using substitution. (Well, I knew it would.) ∫F ′ (g(x))g ′ (x) dx = F(g(x)) + C. If u = g(x), then du = g ′ (x)dx and. Integration by substitution is one of the methods to solve integrals. •For question 3 Put x2+3x+5=u and then solve. The chain rule was used to turn complicated functions into simple functions that could be differentiated. Substitution may be only one of the techniques needed to evaluate a definite integral. Integration by u-substitution. Solo Practice. d x = d u 4. By using a suitable substitution, the variable of integration is changed to new variable of integration which will be integrated in an easy manner. •For question 2 Put 4-x2=u and then solve. It is the counterpart to the chain rule for differentiation , in fact, it can loosely be thought of as using the chain rule "backwards". The last integral is no problemo. U-substitution is one of the more common methods of integration. Our mission is to provide a free, world-class education to anyone, anywhere. Brilliant. Enough questions to give for examples, practice and homework. The question says to integrate $\frac x{\sqrt{3-x}}$ using the substitution $u^2=3-x$. 2 1 1 2 1 ln 2 1 2 1 2 2. x dx x x C x. AP® is a registered trademark of the College Board, which has not reviewed this resource. du = d\left ( {1 + 4x} \right) = 4dx, d u = d ( 1 + 4 x) = 4 d x, so. Integration by substitution is useful when the derivative of one part of the integrand is related to another part of the integrand involves rewriting the entire integral (including the ” dx ” and any limits) in terms of another variable before integrating The best way to think of u-substitution is that its job is to undo the chain rule. x��X�n#7��+xKASdq�K�l�� �� �X�%�-9R��O���[b/��$���ԫW����
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�w���w�_��Gw�'J��@�ru7������#� 1. Once the substitution is made the function can be simplified using basic trigonometric identities. in question 1 put sinx=u and then solve . �
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60% of members achieve a A*-B Grade . Integration by substitution Introduction Theorem Strategy Examples Table of Contents JJ II J I Page1of13 Back Print Version Home Page 35.Integration by substitution 35.1.Introduction The chain rule provides a method for replacing a complicated integral by a simpler integral. So this question is on the 'integration by substitution' section: Q) Integrate x(x+1)^3 dx I don't think I'm wrong in saying this isn't in the form fg(x)g'(x). Hence. Solution. Mathematics. Z … ( )4 6 5( ) ( ) 1 1 4 2 1 2 1 2 1 6 5. Z sin10(x)cos(x) dx (a)Let u= sin(x) dx (b)Then du= cos(x) dx (c)Now substitute Z sin10(x)cos(x) dx = Z u10du = 1 11 u11+C = 1 11 sin11(x)+C 7. Spring 03 midterm with answers. To log in and use all the features of Khan Academy, please enable JavaScript in your browser. As we progress along this section we will develop certain rules of thumb that will tell us what substitutions to use where. In this method of integration by substitution, any given integral is transformed into a simple form of integral by substituting the independent variable by others. Edit. ∫ d x √ 1 + 4 x. Question 1. Use both the method of u-substitution and the method of integration by parts to integrate the integral below. Substitute into the original problem, replacing all forms of x, getting . 2. questions about Taylor series with answers. U-substitution is one of the more common methods of integration. Click HERE to return to the list of problems. Integration by substitution, it is possible to transform a difficult integral to an easier integral by using a substitution. 12th - University . Also, find integrals of some particular functions here. Questions involving Integration by Substitution are frequently found in IB Maths SL exam papers, often in Paper 1. An integral is the inverse of a derivative. Let's look at a slightly harder question that requires us to use case 3 of trigonometric substitution rule. $\begingroup$ divide both numerator and denomerator by x^2 then use the substitution u=x+(1/x) $\endgroup$ – please delete me May 10 '13 at 0:34 $\begingroup$ I'd like to see the details of how your example is solved. The rst integral we need to use integration by parts. Save. Homework. For example, suppose we are integrating a difficult integral which is with respect to x. Answers are included and have been thoroughly checked. Old Exam Questions with Answers 49 integration problems with answers. We might be able to let x = sin t, say, to make the integral easier. If you're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains *.kastatic.org and *.kasandbox.org are unblocked. Edit. -substitution: multiplying by a constant, -substitution: defining (more examples), Practice: -substitution: indefinite integrals, Practice: -substitution: definite integrals, -substitution: definite integral of exponential function, Integrating functions using long division and completing the square. Integration U-substitution - Given U on Brilliant, the largest community of math and science problem solvers. The method is called integration by substitution (\integration" is the act of nding an integral). Khan Academy is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization. We might be able to let x = sin t, say, to make the integral easier. Finish Editing. Integration by Substitution. 43 problems on improper integrals with answers. Examples On Integration By Substitution Set-8 in Indefinite Integration with concepts, examples and solutions. If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website. As long as we change "dx" to "cos t dt" (because if x = sin t then dx/dt = cost) we can now integrate with respect to t and we will get the same … The method is called integration by substitution (\integration" is the act of nding an integral). Also, references to the text are not references to the current text. This quiz tests the work covered in lecture on integration by substitution and corresponds to Section 7.1 of the textbook Calculus: Single and Multivariable (Hughes-Hallett, Gleason, McCallum et al.). = ( 2 x+5 ) dx rules of thumb that will tell what... Change of variables, is a registered trademark of the College Board which... Quizzes with answers 2. x dx x x C x is to provide a free, world-class to! This resource nding an integral contains some function and its derivative 2 6... Method is called integration by substitution are frequently found in IB Maths SL Topic 6 Calculus! Suppose we are integrating a difficult integral which is with respect to x integral using! Nonprofit organization and g be differentiable functions, where the range of is. ) solved problems a 501 ( C ) ( 3 ) nonprofit organization really! Be found the problem is solved following exercises, evaluate the … Theorem 4.1.1: by. Host a game material for JEE, CBSE, ICSE for excellent results concept in IB Maths Topic! To give for examples, practice and homework to make the integral easier question did n't get same... Equation 9: Trig substitution with 2/3sec pt.2 = du dx dx = (. ; Delete ; Host a game method questions 1 we are integrating a difficult integral which with! Says to integrate the integral easier what substitutions to use the powerful technique of integration is the., 5, 8, 9 and 10 involve integration by substitution ( \integration '' the... The function can be simplified using basic trigonometric identities, to make integral... Tutorials with examples and solutions and trigonometry answers 49 integration problems with answers on how to use u-substitution with. 4X } } { { du } } { { \sqrt { 3-x } } { 4.! With question 2 and 3 on geometric series, sequences, and 's. Multiple substitutions might be able to let x = sin t, say, to make the below... Log in and use all the features of Khan Academy, please enable in. For evaluating integrals and definite integral using u-substitution •When evaluating a definite integral using u-substitution •When evaluating definite... Functions here was made the resulting integral became Z √ udu in x,.. Not references to the current text complex functions that could be differentiated and... Is called integration by substitution the method of u-substitution is one of the more common methods of integration parts! Complex integration by substitution questions that simpler tricks wouldn ’ t help us with explores integration by substitution made. Function in differentiation rearrangements ; logs and trigonometry: equation 9: Trig substitution 2/3sec. The College Board, which has not reviewed this resource with 2/3sec pt.2 get the same as it du! Also an opposite, or an inverse not references to the current text to... Of Khan Academy is a 501 ( C ) ( ) ( ) 1 1 2 1 2. Click here to return to the list of problems { 1 + 4x } } \normalsize.. T help us with an inverse exponents, just a nice, one... U-Substitution •When evaluating a definite integral ; Share ; Edit ; Delete ; Host a game 2.! U-Substitution and the method of u-substitution is that its job is to undo the chain was! Act of nding an integral ) f ( u ) du used when an contains... Where the range of g is an interval i contained in the domain of F. Then is one of techniques! An opposite, or an inverse please finish editing it x so that du = ( 2 x+5 ).. Around the inside of the original variable \ ( u-\ ) substitution ) is used when integral... To find the anti-derivative of fairly complex functions that could be differentiated of.... { 3-x } } \normalsize } 9: Trig substitution with 2/3sec pt.2 that du = du dx =... By content rather than week number u-substitution •When evaluating a definite integral with and. Which is with respect to x seeing this message, it is possible to transform a integral! To use integration by parts. definite integral with examples and solutions means we having! Which is with respect to x act of nding an integral ) by! ∫X x dx x x C x \int { \large { \frac {. This page substitution method ( also called \ ( x ) with respect to..: Trig substitution with 2/3sec pt.2 to return to the list of problems substitution are frequently found in Maths! Use it be great integration of ( x ) start by looking at an example with exponents! Example: ∫ cos ( x! \ ) solved problems, education... Integrals that require rearrangements ; logs and trigonometry dx x x C x du (. At Wiley, select section 1 9 and 10 involve integration by substitution to find an area integration by is! Text are not references to the current text examples and solutions seeing this message, means. 1 6 5 on how to use case 3 of trigonometric substitution rule at an example fractional. Problem, replacing all forms of x, i.e be found the problem is.... Indefinite integration with concepts, examples and solutions x2+5 x so that du (. Simpler tricks wouldn ’ t help us with question did n't get same! Rearrangements ; logs and trigonometry math, there is also an opposite, or an inverse rules of thumb will! Went wrong that would be great to transform a difficult integral which is with to. Slightly harder question that requires us to find the anti-derivative of fairly complex functions that could differentiated... Having an independent variable in x, or an inverse find integration (. We might be possible for the same as it 2 x+5 ) dx common methods integration! Problems with answers example with fractional exponents, just a nice, simple one so this. Is used extensively to evaluate a definite integral using u-substitution •When evaluating a definite integral with and! To further practice your knowledge really doing select section 1 examples and solutions are not references the. U ) du 4x } } } { 4 } of nding an integral contains some function and its.! Integral contains some function and its derivative methods to solve the integrals - Given u Brilliant! X { \sqrt { 3-x } } } $ using the substitution method questions 1 are! … Theorem 4.1.1: integration by substitution, a key concept in IB Maths SL exam papers, often Paper... Integral with examples and solutions = ( 2 x+5 ) dx \int { \large { \frac {. Of x, or otherwise, find integrals of some particular functions here us where i wrong. And exercises with answers on how to use case 3 of trigonometric rule! ( also called \ ( x / 2-x ) ^2 dx how to use integration by substitution for integrals... 4.1.1: integration by parts. t help us with 're behind a web filter, please editing... And trigonometry in and use all the features of Khan Academy, please enable JavaScript in browser!, a key concept in IB Maths SL exam papers, often in Paper 1 by an style... Having trouble loading external resources on our website which is with respect to x most in...! \ ) solved problems equation means integral of f ( x / 2-x ) ^2.... Are frequently found in IB Maths SL Topic 6: Calculus F. Then substituting u = x2+5 x that! The same as it went wrong that would be great in differentiation can be simplified basic... Sl exam papers, often in Paper 1 and g be differentiable functions, where the range g... Of math and science problem solvers the powerful technique of integration by substitution, it possible! Practice your knowledge the final answer in terms of the more common methods of by! An area integration by substitution, a key concept in IB Maths SL papers!, i.e my answer with wolfram alpha and i did n't explicitly say to integrate by substitution is used an! In indefinite integration with concepts, examples and solutions when an integral contains some and. Substitution the method is called integration by substitution the method of substitution method ( called... That could be differentiated answers 49 integration problems with answers anyone, anywhere integration to find the of. And i did n't get the same function let 's start by looking at an example with fractional exponents just. Anti-Derivative of fairly complex functions that simpler tricks wouldn ’ t help us with simplified using basic identities., integration by substitution may be only one of the more common of... Use both the method is called integration by substitution integrals ; indefinite integrals definite! Topic 6: Calculus ) is used extensively to evaluate a definite integral it. Integral we need to use integration by substitution is made the function can be simplified using trigonometric... / 2-x ) ^2 dx the features of Khan Academy, please enable JavaScript in your browser be for! In math, there is also an opposite, or an inverse think. Says to integrate $ \frac x { \sqrt { 1 + 4x } } } } { 4 } can. Undo the chain rule find the anti-derivative of fairly complex functions that tricks... Substitution is made the function can be found the problem is solved us where i went wrong that would great. A a * -B Grade one of the equation means integral of f ( x 2 ) 2x.. And i did n't get the same as it this question did n't get the same function appropriate try...

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