The leaf rachis is used for making thatch, floor mats and fish traps. 1998)/Palmweb. Common Name: Cliff Date Palm . Pistillate flowers usually only one carpel reaching maturity, 3 - 4 mm high. (floridata.com), Without pruning the tree tends to grow into a tangled mass of stems and leaves (as shown in the picture below). Leaves arcuate, about 2 - 3.5 m long; leaf sheath fibrous, reddish-brown; pseudopetiole rounded abaxially, smooth, often channelled adaxially, to 50 cm long; acanthophylls irregularly arranged, often congested proximally, about 10 - 15 on each side of rachis, 3 - 9 cm long; leaflets regularly arranged distally in one plane of orientation but median and proximal leaflets in fascicles of 3 - 5 and often fanned, about 80 - 130 on each side of rachis, 28 - 45 x 2.2- 3.6 cm; leaflet margin minutely crenulate; lamina concolorous, abaxial surface with white scurfy ramenta in midrib region. Pronounciation: FEE-nix re-cli-NA-ta Hardiness zones Sunset 13 (with protection), 23-24 USDA 9 (with protection), 10-11. Salt Tolerance: Moderate. Phoenix is the Greek name for the date palm and reclinata is Latin for bending down, and refers to the arching fronds. It is hardy to zone (UK) 9 and is frost tender. It is in leaf all year. The articles below list the "SPECIFICATIONS" for various popular palm trees. The usually unbranched Trunk is covered with persistent leaf bases or with transverse scars. Etymology: Phoenix reclinata or Senegal Date Palm is a palm species; the name is from Latin for "reclining". Photo by Geoff Stein, Balboa Park San Diego, California. Photo by Geoff Stein, "A clump that had to be thinned, showing aggressive new growth, southern California." Photo by Kahuroa. The leaves are up to 8-15 ft (2.4-4.5 m) long and about 3 ft (0.9 m) wide and recurve attractively toward the ground. Photo by Kyle Wicomb, "Phoenix reclinata growing in Krugar NP in habitat. Umukindo, [Troupin (1987)]. Origin: Africa. Staminate inflorescence erect; prophyll green-yellow in bud, strongly 2-keeled, coriaceous, splitting 1 or 2 times between margins, 40 - 60 x 5 - 6 cm; peduncle 10 - 30 x 1.3 cm, not greatly elongating beyond prophyll; rachis 17 - 30 cm; rachillae congestedly arranged in a narrow bush, numerous, 6 - 20 cm long. Dikindu, makindu (Mbukushu), makerewa, shikerewa (Diriko), [Okavanga, De Winter & Wiss 4800 (K!)]. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu. Since many seed collectors do their collecting in areas no more dangerous than the local botanic garden, its very easy for these hybrid seeds to find their way on to the market. The information includes maximum height, diameter, growth rate, cold hardiness, crown diameter, growth zone and cost. Mt Coot-Tha Botanic Gardens, Brisbane, Australia. Photo by Ton Rulkens. Shading Capacity Rated as Low to Moderately Low in Leaf. Photo by Richard A. Howard/Smithsonian. Zambia. NIGERIA. Propagation is by seed or division of … Plants should receive adequate moisture during periods of drought. RSA Tree No. This page has been accessed 33,662 times. Photo by Pal Meir. Trees may be referred to as male or female. They produce an edible fruit and palm heart. Flowers in Spring or Summer. Has either male or female reproductive parts (dioecious). Photo by Kyle Wicomb. Seeds for sale starting at € 5.50. Photo by Nick Dean. Dara, taratra, taratsy, [Jumelle & Perrier (1913, 1945) ]; calalou, [Morondava, Greve 154 (P!) Large specimens command a high price. Phoenix reclinata is a clumping palm with pinnate leaves that arch gracefully downward. 53, No. de Téré. < https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/phoenix-reclinata >. Soil Type. The dates, unfortunately, are not edible (to us... squirrels like them). Some of the hybrids have naturally open aspect with fewer suckers - these make the nicest specimens. The palm heart is occasionally eaten as a vegetable. Photo by Geoff Stein, "P.reclinata in Lal Bagh Gardens, Banglore,India." Can handle temperatures to around 25º F (-3.9º C) if not colder. Serengeti National Park, river loop road, near Seronera Lodge, Tanzania. 1995-2020. Like all Phoenix palms, this one hybridizes readily, and many hybirds are growing all over California and Florida. Photo by Jeff Nugent, Permaculture Plants. Leaf color is bright to deep green on 30 cm petioles with long, sharp spines at the base, with 20 to 40 leaves per crown.. Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. (floridata.com), The Senegal date is inexpensive and easy to find at nurseries and discount stores in the Zones where it is hardy. This species is native to the much of the southern half of Africa and Madagascar. (S.C. Barrow. Leaf color is bright to deep green on 30 cm (12") petioles with long, sharp spines at the base, with 20 to 40 leaves per crown. Species that in nature are separated by thousands of miles, mountain ranges, or even oceans are planted within shouting (or at least pollen-blowing) distance from each other, therefore fairly encouraging hybridization. Leaves Pinnately Compound Odd, Green, No Change, Evergreen. There are about 180 genera and in excess of 2 500 species in these monocotyledonous plants. Photo by Pal Meir. )]; deli (Fulani), kabba (Hausa), [Mambila Plateau, Hepper 1705 (K!)]. Photo by Pal Meir. SelecTree. Editing by edric. The wild date palm is a relative of the commercial date palm, P. dactylifera which probably originates in North Africa and the Arabian Peninsula. These can be very attractive, particularly when viewed from a balcony above the tree. The California Polytechnic State University and the Cal Poly Corporation shall not be responsible for any loss of profit, indirect, incidental, special, or consequential damages arising out of the use of the data and information derived from this web site. Newtown, Sarasota, Florida. 1998)/Palmweb. The plants are unisexual and florets appear at the top of the palm stem. It is a large, suckering species growing up to 40'-50' tall on relatively skinny trunks about 8"-1' in diameter. Elev. The Senegal date palm is variable in shape and form but tends to grow as clumps composed of multiple stems reaching 25 ft (7.6m) to 50 ft (15 m) in height. Flowers Showy. Tanzania. The problem is actually to keep them from hybirdizing- there is no guarantee when you get one from a nursery it will be a non-hybrid." Pronunciation: FEE-nix roo-pih-COE-luh . Photo by Dr. Alice Aubrey. Huntington Botanical Garden in Los Angeles, California. Trees may be sold as male or female. Phoenix Reclinata – Senegal Date Palm. Itchi (Madi), lukindu (Luganda, Lunyoro), musansa (Luganda, Busoga dialect), [Eggeling (1940)]; Wild Date Palm, enkinu (Luamba), emusogot (Ateso), ekingol (Karamojong), lukindu, mukindu (Luganda, Lunyoro, Lutoro), makendu (Lugisu), muyiti (Lugwe), otit (Luo. (floridata.com). Northern New Zealand. Old frond bases are medium brown and remain on the trunk forming a showy trunk which is attractive all year long. )]; kihangaga (Urukindu), [Lake Prov., Tanner 5845 (K!)]. Hardiness: USDA Zones 9a. Moisture: Drought tolerant. Photo by Geoff Stein, P. reclinata x p. silvestris cross. Sought after for its high ornamental value, the slender stems are covered with brown fiber and tend to curve away from the center of the clump in graceful arcs. Photo by Dr. P. Wilkin, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb. Sandy, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular . Growth rate. Manica Province, Mozambique. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Orange Drupe, Medium (0.50 - 1.50 inches), fruiting in Summer or Fall. Photo by Dr. Stefaan Dondeyne. It suckers so profusely that it is constant need of pruning or else you end up with a dense, impenitrable mass of leaves, trunks and spines. In their habitat in northern South Africa, they tend to have very dark lightly fiberous stems around 5 to 6 inches in diameter and very dark green leaves, and never higher than 20 feet, and in the North, like in Malawi they tend to have stems up to a foot thick and lighter leaves and growing up to 40 feet tall." Photo by Erika Allegri. RHS Wisley Glasshouse. XL Senegal Date Palm Tree (phoenix reclinata) – (XL Specimen, 8” Pot) Strikingly huge clumps – Reclinata is a beautiful,cold tolerant multi-stemmed palm. White. Use this tree as a dramatic specimen plant for large yards, parks, campuses and other spacious areas. Special thanks to Palmweb.org, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos. Photo by Thomas Couvreur. Tampa, Fl. Soil Condition. Propagation: By seed, and by division of clumps, but by division of clumps is a real chore. Albert Park, central Auckland, New Zealand. phoenix reclinata is an evergreen Tree growing to 6 m (19ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a medium rate. Detailed Scientific Description P. reclinata is a dioecious clustering palm, producing multiple stems from 7.5 to 15 m (22 to 45 feet) in height and 30 cm (12") in width. This durable palm also thrives in large containers and other confined areas in urban landscapes. Leaves are pinnate with a prounced sideways curve, growing 2.5 to 4.5 m 7.5 to 14 feet) in length and 75 cm (30") in width. Grows slow to moderate growth to 25 feet tall. The fruit, called a date, follows the female flower. Uses: All parts of P. reclinata palms are used for a range of purposes. Photo by Christopher Young. Seed obovoid, with rounded apices, 12 - 14 x 5 - 6 mm; embryo lateral opposite raphe; endosperm homogeneous. ]. Fast means they can grow more than one meter per year. I planted two 7.5 gallon sized P. reclinata about 7-8 years ago, with no trunks. The leaf stem is armored with vicious needles near the trunk. Low, Medium, Extra in Summer . Makes a great potted specimen for the patio when young. 3 (1998), pp. While able to tolerate some drought, they are not as drought-tolerant as some of their co-generic cousins, including P. canariensis or dactylifera. Photo by Paul Craft. White. Photo by Dr. Stefan Porembski - westafricanplants.senckenberg.de, Burkina Faso, Houet, Koundougou, F.Cl. Lewis. But looks more attractive and grows faster if periodically watered. Trees may be sold as male or female. Gardenality is a gardening-centric site made by gardeners for gardeners with tools that enhance any gardening for the expert to the weekend gardener. Photo Locations: Los Angeles County Arboretum - Arcadia, CA, San Luis Obispo, CA and Balboa Park - San Diego, CA. Speed at which the palm species grow in the gardens of southeast Europe in good cultivation conditions. These slender stems are covered with brown fiber and tend to curve away from the center of the clump in graceful arcs. This one is pure and looks a little different." Forgive the lecture, we just want to emphasize the importance of WILD-collected seeds, especially those of Phoenix. This striking palm creates an interesting silhouette with its multiple, gracefully curved, often reclining, slender brown trunks, and dense crowns of stiff but feathery leaf fronds. "I have never seen a "true" phoenix reclinata in cultivation, or at least the same kind of phoenix species as in the habitat. 513-575. Average, Rich, Well-drained Photo by Philippe, Pasadena, CA. Harley & C.E. 1998)/Palmweb. Phoenix reclinata, seedlings almost 1 year old (1984-01-08) – N°84N01-0104. Very dramatic effects can be obtained at night by spot lighting the slender trunks and feathery crowns. A Monograph of Phoenix L. 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Cã´Te d'Ivoire, Lamto... squirrels like them ) ) ] a trunk growth of less than 30.. Make great barrier plants for creating impenetrable hedges WILD-collected seeds, especially those of Phoenix L. ( Palmae Coryphoideae! Zambian side of Victoria Falls: within the spray zone of the and. Different. 500 species in these monocotyledonous plants x 5 - 6 mm ; embryo opposite!, but by division of clumps is a very robust plant and will succeed in tropical to temperate!, they are topped by crowns of dark Green to yellow Green pinnate ( Feather shaped ) fronds Dr.. Of palm Terms ; Based on the trunk forming a showy trunk which is attractive all year long in containers! Can handle temperatures to around 25º F ( -3.9º C ) if not colder for. National Park, river loop road, near Seronera Lodge, Tanzania m ) branched inflorescences Phoenix palms this! ' in diameter for making baskets, hats, brushes, building ties, dolls! 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