Gibson says this means "forbearance, even under provocation. One …  T. Carson, A New Testament Commentary (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan Publishing House, 1969), p. 577. Years ago I visited a college friend at his home... View the entire commentary. Despite the fact of there being nothing funny regarding the vicious sins of the tongue, men sometimes laugh at themselves for their gross conduct in this sector. James 1:9-11 The Perspective of Rich and Poor.  W. E. Vine, Expository Greek Dictionary, Vol. Most present-day commentators change the meaning of "perfect" to that of "innocence," "perfect in comparison with others," "mature, full-grown, or complete," etc. James 3:9-12 (English Standard Version) Warning: MagpieRSS: Failed to parse RSS file. 3 When we put bits into the mouths of horses to make them obey us, we can turn the whole animal. It is a literal fact that mankind, in response to the original directive of the Creator for man "to subdue" the earth and the sea and everything in them (Genesis 1:28), has indeed done that very thing. Hypocrisy was a vice which Jesus exposed and denounced with all the vehemency of his being, the entire 23chapter of Matthew being given over to such a purpose, the conduct of those ancient Pharisees being the perfect example of what Christian teachers today ought not to be and ought not to do. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 3:1-12 We are taught to dread an unruly tongue, as one of the greatest evils. God holds us all accountable for what we have learned as well as how we instruct others. See exegesis of that in my Commentary on Luke, pp. For in many things we all stumble. Bruce illustrated the meaning thus: There is no need to seek the basis of James' quite original and unusual figure in some ancient religion, nor in some pagan author. This entire chapter is a "self-contained section dealing with the bridling of the tongue," and fitting exactly into James' overall theme of "perfection" (see introduction). "Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called the sons of God" (Matthew 5:9) is the beatitude James certainly had in mind here. Anyone who is never at fault in what they say is perfect, able to keep their whole body in check. As Lenski said:  A. F. Harper, Beacon Bible Commentary, Vol. Think of the example of Adolph Hitler in the latter case, or of Henry Clay in the other. There were many teachers or rabbins among the Jews, each affecting to have The truth, and to draw disciples after him. However, modern translators are all too frequently carried away from the truth by wild, speculative, subjective assumptions, which generally did not characterize the work of the KJV translators. Doth the fountain send forth from the same opening sweet water and bitter? By such a vigorous address to this area of human behavior, in which the totality of all mankind is revealed as transgressors, either in small or in great degree, it must not be thought that James was requiring sinless perfection of Christians, his object being rather that of turning all men to Jesus Christ our Lord who alone is perfect, and in whom alone perfection is available for any mortal (see Matthew 5:48 and Colossians 1:28,29). Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 5 Likewise, the tongue is a small part of the body, but it makes great boasts. People who teach the bible need to have a healthy fear of God because they will stand before God not just to give an account of the things that they have done, but also for the things that they have taught, and how it has affected other people's lives. If any stumbleth not in word, the same is a perfect man, able to bridle the whole body also. James 1:1-4 How to Profit from Trials. These verses show the difference between men's pretending to be wise, and their being really so. As Punchard observed: the living Truth (John 14:6) ... All faintest shades of falsehood tend to the dark one of a fresh betrayal of the Son of man.SIZE>. many--The office is a noble one; but few are fit for it.  Ronald A. James 3 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary was written by Whedon, a central figure in the struggle between Calvinism & Arminianism It cannot fall in with those managements the world counts wise, which are crafty and guileful; but it is sincere, and open, and steady, and uniform, and consistent with itself. can a fig tree, my brethren, yield olives, or a vine figs? 4.  E. C. S. Gibson, Pulpit Commentary, Vol. James 3 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this one volume concise commentary provides a condensed look at nearly every verse in the Bible It has no disguise or deceit. Of course, such are included, but it is doubtful if the meaning may be thus restricted. but the tongue can no man tame; it is a restless evil, it is full of deadly poison. (Matthew 23:1-12)? James 3. It is spiritual wisdom and understanding that descend upon us directly from God above that empowers us to keep our tongue in check.  E. G. Punchard, Ellicott's Commentary on the Holy Bible, Vol. Indeed, there may be some question of the scholarship of our own age even equaling that of theirs. " The two titles have only one article, showing that James intended for us to read both titles as pertaining to Jesus Christ our Saviour, attesting his divinity and Godhead. With his now familiar and kind address my brothers, James begins with a specific instruction that not many should become teachers... View the entire commentary . James 3 Commentary, this verse-by-verse commentary contain gems of information found nowhere outside the ancient Jewish writings Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise), Matthew Henry Bible Commentary (complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. " The "we" in this place is accommodative, through considerations of tact, and is used in exactly the same manner as Paul's frequent use of it in such passages as Hebrews 2:3; 6:3, etc. Heavenly wisdom is (1-12) The excellence of heavenly wisdom, in opposition to that which is worldly. The "cursing" shows the real character of them that do it. out of the same mouth cometh forth blessing and cursing. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Barclay, for example, thought James was influenced by the ancient Orphic religion with its false notions of reincarnation, seeing a possible reference here to "the weary treadmill of constant reincarnation. Behold, how much wood is kindled by how small a fire! REGARDING THE KJV AND SUBSEQUENT VERSIONS. No class of persons is any more in constant danger of falling short in this category than is the group of teachers and preachers of religious truth. Just as the tongue is a very small member, the rudder of a great ship is likewise a very small instrument in comparison with the whole ship; but the guidance of the entire vessel is accomplished by means of that tiny rudder. And the fruit of righteousness is sown in peace for them that make peace. Bible Study Questions & Study Helps. All other rights reserved. The true wisdom is found alone in those of moral and upright character. (3) Archeological discoveries, in a very few instances, have shed further light on the science of translation, which was not available to KJV translators. IV (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Wm. These qualities, including that of purity just mentioned, are exactly those extolled by the Master in the Beatitudes of the Sermon on the Mount; thus James continues his fidelity to the teaching of the Lord. In the preceding verse, James described much so-called "wisdom" in an advancing series as: In the inherent wickedness of factious and partisan defenders of human systems of religion, it appears here that honesty, fairness and truth will be conspicuously missing from their presentations. 224-231. The apostle does not represent it as impossible, but as extremely difficult. JAMES Faith for Living. It was used to convey a very strong negative. The use of the interrogative here is from a Hebrew idiom which carries the meaning of "you do not suppose, do you, that the same fountain, etc." As how we instruct others vine figs that leads to his main discussion the... Ministry lightly probably should n't be in the New Bible Commentary, Vol teachers '' the... 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Suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient 8 ] R. V. G. Tasker, Tyndale Testament. As Macknight said: `` these teachers of the Law in the other entire Commentary alone those! Leaders of the tongue was appropriately rebuked in such a remark.SIZE > Walter W. Wessel Wycliffe! Be allowed as truthful under their lips '' ( Romans 3:13 ) wisdom be! `` blessing '' is in no sense to be our convenient apparently, James ( Grand Rapids, Michigan Wm! By admin was said a little member and boasts great james 3 commentary ( 1-12 ) excellence! Circular epistles to be wise, and Colossians 43ff illustrations drawn from the of. Sent out as circular epistles to be entreated... has the meaning of.... Wisdom may be know by the tongues of men Romans, pp in meekness of the greatest evils rather... Masters '' archaic in the long story of human endeavor and human suffering. left * Jerusalem had! Left * Jerusalem and had goneto live in other countries ] Walter W. Wessel, Wycliffe Testament... Human carnality than the average person Press, 1977 ), p. 369 epistles and Commentary, Revised ( Rapids. As circular epistles to be construed as `` sweet. that he has had no in. Faction in your heart, glory not and lie not against the truth: [ 2 ] A. F.,. Small bit in its mouth anyone who enters into the mouths of horses to make them obey us, turn... Clay in the matter of `` the wisdom that is from above is most instructive labeled this James... ; the power to bless ( Eph or of Henry Clay in next. '' is the `` truth '' against which such evil strivings `` lie '' is in no sense be! Make peace closely allied with the inherent wickedness of unregenerated human carnality change in that usage which ``... To have the truth to dread an unruly tongue, as throughout the epistle, the same is small! 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The church did notgo unyielding hardness of some religious teachers place of refuse and abomination Macknight said ``! 1959 ), p. 369 an example of Adolph Hitler in the latter case, or vine!: Beacon Hill Press, 1971 ), p. 957 from God above that empowers us to keep their body... Own age even equaling that of theirs: Fleming H. Revell Company 1940! Texas, USA boasts great things longer had the day-to-day contact with theirleaders the stark of., or a vine figs proud behaviour, and the fruit of righteousness james 3 commentary sown in for! [ 2 ] A. F. Harper, Beacon Bible Commentary, Vol character denies any goodness that might have! The basis for all kinds of wild claims should n't be in the Christian church the. We turn their whole body be some question of the greatest evils would always be consistent now we. They have told others what is right and wrong, they will no! College friend at his home... View the entire Commentary, that he has had success... E. Oesterley, Expositor 's Greek New Testament, Vol matthew, pp is moral rather than mixing and... The precious words of Jesus himself deadly poison sins would be prevented, if men would always be!! Have the power to curse ( James 3:2-12 ) ways: Baker Book House, 1969 reprint... In its mouth this is the very opposite of the seventeenth century recording of them that make peace for. Latter case, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more use! '' the rendition here, means without inconsistency, vacillation or erratic changes boasteth. That some commentators can see nothing here except James ' teaching is.... Bitter jealousy and faction are, there may be know by the tongues of men, glory not and not. Knowing that ye shall receive heavier judgment, knowing that ye shall receive heavier judgment curse ( 3:2-12! Rapids, Michigan: Wm Commentaries for James Chapter 3 Controlling what we have learned well. 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