Official name               Republic of China

Area (Taiwan and
associated islands)   36,192.8 square kilometers

Population                  23.49 million (March 2016)

Ethnicity                      Over 95 percent Han

                                     Chinese (including Holo,

                                     Hakka and other groups

                                     that originated in mainland

                                     China), 2 percent indigenous

                                     Malayo-Polynesian peoples,

                                     2 percent new immigrants,

                                     primarily from mainland

                                     China and Southeast Asia

Government                Multiparty democracy

President                    Tsai Ing-wen

Capital                         Taipei City


Municipalities             Taipei City, New Taipei City,

                                     Taoyuan City, Taichung City,

                                     Tainan City, Kaohsiung City

National currency       New Taiwan Dollar (NT$ or TWD)

Official language        Mandarin (Chinese)

Dialects and other
Languages                  Holo (Taiwanese), Hakka,

                                     Austronesian languages

Major religions           Buddhism, Taoism, I-Kuan

                                     Tao, Chinese folk religions,

                                     Christianity, Islam